The Mortal Instrements

Thursday, October 27, 2011

The Sugar Queen by Sarah Addison Allen (April 14, 2009)


Book Description [My Copy]

Twenty-seven-year-old Josey is sure of three things:
winter in her North Carolina hometown is her favorite season; 
she's a sorry excuse for a Southern belle; 
and sweets are best eaten in the privacy of her hidden closet.

For while Josey has settled into an uneventful life in her mother's house, her one consolation is the stockpile of sugary treats and paperback romances she escapes to each night . . .

Until she finds her closet harboring none other than local waitress Della Lee Baker, a tough-talking, tender-hearted woman who is one part nemesis - and two parts fairy godmother . . .


Book Description 

In this irresistible novel, Sarah Addison Allen, author of the New York Times bestselling debut, Garden Spells, tells the tale of a young woman whose family secrets—and secret passions—are about to change her life forever.

Josey Cirrini is sure of three things: winter is her favorite season, she’s a sorry excuse for a Southern belle, and sweets are best eaten in the privacy of her closet. For while Josey has settled into an uneventful life in her mother’s house, her one consolation is the stockpile of sugary treats and paperback romances she escapes to each night…. Until she finds her closet harboring Della Lee Baker, a local waitress who is one part nemesis—and two parts fairy godmother. With Della Lee’s tough love, Josey’s narrow existence quickly expands. She even bonds with Chloe Finley, a young woman who is hounded by books that inexplicably appear when she needs them—and who has a close connection to Josey’s longtime crush. Soon Josey is living in a world where the color red has startling powers, and passion can make eggs fry in their cartons. And that’s just for starters.

Brimming with warmth, wit, and a sprinkling of magic, here is a spellbinding tale of friendship, love—and the enchanting possibilities of every new day.


Imagine a world where the color red has startling powers and passion can make eggs fry in their cartons. Welcome to snowy Bald Slope, North Carolina. There's magic behind every closet door.


My Shelfari Review:
A 27-year-old Josey Cirrini is suffocating under her mom's roof in Bald Slope, trying to redeem herself for her wickedness as a child. She has a secret place in her closet for candy. Candy makes Josey feel better, until one day she finds Della Lee Baker in her closet with her candy, and everything changes for Josey.

[‎Sunday, ‎December ‎25, ‎2011] In the beginning, I felt that Josy and her mom were Snow White and the Evil Queen. My favorite thing about this book is Chloe and her magical books! I wish I could have this gift, of books showing up when I need them.

[Tuesday, ‎December ‎27, ‎2011] I just finished the book, and I LOVED it! As always Sarah's world, words and characters enchant me! I laughed, fell in love and cried with them. Chloe and Adam's relationship is beautiful to read about, and forgiveness is beautiful to see. When I was younger, I always thought I would never stay with a guy who cheated on me, but now I see that our lives is not black and white, and people could make a mistake.

*SPOILERS* I knew from the first moment that Della Lee was dead, and a ghost, what kind of surprised me, is the relationship between the three girls, they turned out to be sisters. It broke my heart how Josey's mother acts around her. To tell you the truth I don't feel sorry for her at all. I was happy to see her finally with the man [Adam] she was pinning for for three years! Adams words and action when her mom was acting like a step-mom on their first date brought tears to my eyes.


The Sugar Queen
Interesting Tidbits


From: http://www.sarahaddisonallen.com/sq_tidbits.html?keepThis=true&TB_iframe=true&height=480&width=700


When I began writing what would become The Sugar Queen, Josey's name was Evelyn, and I called the project Evelyn's Closet.

I tried every candy/cookie/sweet mentioned in The Sugar Queen.  More than once.  For the sake of research, of course.

I gained eighteen pounds while writing the book.

Ari Meyers, who played Kate's daughter Emma in the 80s sitcom Kate & Allie , is the narrator of the audio version of The Sugar Queen. Listen to an audio except here.

I live in the mountains of Western North Carolina, home of the fictional ski resort town of Bald Slope in The Sugar Queen. While we in the lower elevations pine for snow and cheer at the sight of flurries, the higher elevations are no strangers to snow and have some great ski resorts like Wolf Laurel (now Wolf Ridge), Sugar Mountain, Sapphire Valley and Cataloochee.

In addition to the US, The Sugar Queen has sold to United Kingdom, France, Portugal, Poland, Greece, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Turkey, Russia.

Your unofficial guide to the candies of The Sugar Queen: 
http://www.sarahaddisonallen.com/sq_candy.html


The Candy:
Bit-O-Honey
Bit-O-Honey is an American candy bar. It first appeared in 1924 and was made by the Schutter-Johnson Company of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Bit-O-Honey was a new kind of candy bar consisting of six pieces of candy wrapped in wax paper and then packaged in a wrapper. The candy consists of almond bits embedded in a honey-flavored taffy which makes for a long-chewing candy. It is possible to purchase the larger, candy bar version, or a bag of smaller, bite-size versions. Between the mid- and late-1970s, a chocolate-flavored version called Bit-O-Chocolate was made, but this product was later dropped.
Bit-O-Honey was acquired by the Nestlé Company in 1984, which continues production.
Bit-O-Honey is similar in style and packaging (single pieces) to Mary Jane made by Necco.

The current ingredients listed on a package of Bit-O-Honey bought in October 2010: Corn Syrup, Sugar, Sweetened Condensed Skim Milk, Sweetened Condensed Whey, Almonds, Partially Hydrogenated Coconut Oil, Modified Food Starch, Honey, Salt, Dried Egg Whites, Soy Albumen, Sodium Acetate, Artificial Flavoring.
Candy Corn

Candy corn is a confection in the United States and Canada, popular primarily in autumn around Halloween (though available year-round in most places).
Candy corn was created in the 1880s by George Renninger of the Wunderle Candy Company; the three colors of the candy mimic the appearance of kernels of corn. Each piece is approximately three times the size of a whole kernel from a ripe or dried ear.
Candy corn is made primarily from sugar, corn syrup,wax, artificial coloring and binders. A serving of Brach's Candy Corn is nineteen pieces, is 140 calories and has zero grams of fat.
Candy corn pieces are traditionally cast in three colors: a broad yellow end, a tapered orange center, and a pointed white tip.

The National Confectioners Association estimates that 20 million pounds (just over 9000 metric tons) of candy corn are sold annually. The top branded retailer of candy corn, Brach's, sells enough candy corn each year to circle the earth 4.25 times if the kernels were laid end to end.

Originally the candy was made by hand. Manufacturers first combined sugar, corn syrup, wax, and water and cooked them to form a slurry. Fondant was added for texture and marshmallows were added to provide a soft bite. The final mixture was then heated and poured into shaped molds. Three passes, one for each colored section, were required during the pouring process.

The recipe remains basically the same today. The production method, called "corn starch modeling,"[1] likewise remains the same, though tasks initially performed by hand were soon taken over by machines invented for the purpose.[6]

A popular variation called "Indian corn" features a chocolate brown wide end, orange center and pointed white tip, often available around Thanksgiving. Confectioners have introduced additional color variations suited to other holidays.
The Christmas variant (sometimes called "reindeer corn") typically has a red end and a green center; the Valentine's Day variant (sometimes called "cupid corn") typically has a red end and a pink center; the Easter variant (sometimes called "bunny corn") is typically only a two-color candy, and comes with a variety of pastel bases (pink, green, yellow, and purple) with white tips all in one package.
Candy Hearts
Sweethearts are small heart-shaped candies sold around Valentine's Day. Each conversation heart is printed with a message such as "Be Mine", "Kiss Me", "Call Me", "Let's Get Busy", and "Miss You". 
Sweethearts are made by the New England Confectionery Company, or Necco. A similar type of candy is sold in the UK under the name Love Hearts. Necco manufactures nearly 8 billion Sweethearts per year.

Sweethearts are now available in a variety of assortments to choose from including chocolate, tart, and smoothie flavors.

Oliver R. Chase invented a machine in 1847 to cut lozenges from wafer candy, similar to Necco Wafers, and started a candy factory. Daniel Chase, Oliver's brother, began printing sayings on the candy in 1866. He designed a machine that was able to press on the candy similar to a stamp.
 
The candy was often used for weddings since the candies had witty saying such as: "Married in pink, he will take a drink", "Married in White, you have chosen right", and "Married in Satin, Love will not be lasting".

The heart-shaped conversation candies to be called Sweethearts got their start in 1901. Other styles were formerly produced such as lozenges, postcards, horseshoes, watches, and baseballs. As of 2010, the classic pastel candy formula is being abandoned.
 
Sweethearts will be softer candies with vivid colors and all new flavors. Line extensions carrying the Sweethearts brand include chocolates and sugar-free hearts.

In the 1990s, Necco vice-president, Walter Marshall, wanted to update some of the sayings and retire others, including "Call me", "Email me", and "Fax me". The romantic expressions continue to be revised for young Americans. Necco receives hundreds of suggestions a year on new sayings.

Necco produces the hearts from late February through mid January of the following year. Approximately 100,000 pounds of hearts are made per day, which sells out in about six weeks.

In popular culture

  • In the classic book Anne of Green Gables, published in 1908, Gilbert attempts to give a pink candy heart with the words "You Are Sweet" to Anne, who promptly grinds it under her heel.
  • In the Futurama episode "Love and Rocket".
  • In Friends, Janice makes special hearts for Chandler that say 'Chan and Jan forever'.
  • In The Simpsons episode "I Love Lisa", Bart Simpson designs crude insult remarks for conversation hearts, e.g. U Stink.
  • The World of Warcraft online game has Heart Candies with eight different romantic sayings during the Love Is In The Air seasonal event. These can be used to flirt by giving them to other player characters.
  • In the Arrested Development episode "Marta Complex" when George Michael digs through a bowl of candy hearts looking for the one with the answer he wants.

Caramel Cremes
Goetze's Candy (pronounced gets) had its start in 1895, as the Baltimore Chewing Gum Company. It was founded by August Goetze and his son, William. In 1917, the family developed a soft, caramel candy, (known as "Chu-ees") which ultimately evolved into their signature candy, Caramel Creams, (also known as Bull's Eyes), a soft chewy caramel with cream filling in the center. Each individual candy is typically packaged in a clear wrapper and twisted at two red and white ends.
Over the years, the company experimented with a number of flavors, such as peanut butter and banana, however, the current Caramel Creams line includes "Original" (Vanilla), Chocolate, Strawberry and Caramel Apple flavors. 
In addition, two Gourmet Caramel Creams items were introduced at the 2009 All Candy Expo: double chocolate and licorice flavors. According to the manufacturer, Goetze’s caramels have always been made with a low fat, low sodium, no cholesterol recipe, and are made with wheat flour, dairy milk and cream ingredients.
The ingredients list for the Gourmet Caramel Creams Licorice states that this particular candy contains 11% of one’s recommended daily value (RDV) of fiber. Both flavors contain 33% RDV of calcium.  
Chick-O-Stick

Chick-O-Stick is a candy produced by Atkinson Candy Company that has been manufactured since the Great Depression. It is made primarily from peanut butter, granulated sugar, corn syrup, and toasted coconut, with colorings and preservatives added. There is also a sugar-free version of the candy.

Chick-O-Stick is an orange stick of varying length and thickness, dusted with ground coconut. The interior of the stick is honeycombed with peanut butter and the orange hardened syrup/sugar mixture that also forms the shell. When eaten fresh, the candy is dry and brittle, but it has a tendency to draw dampness and become hard and chewy if left uneaten for a long period.
Chick-O-Stick is available in .36 ounce, .70 ounce, 1.0 ounce, and 2.0 ounce sizes, as well as bags of individually wrapped bite-sized pieces.

Chick-O-Stick's original wrapper featured a stylized cartoon of a chicken wearing a cowboy hat and a badge in the shape of the Atkinson logo. The chicken is absent from the more recent wrapper; some commentators have indicated that it contributed to confusion over whether the Chick-O-Stick was candy or a chicken-flavored cracker.
The Atkinson Candy Company's website states that the company's founder "came up with the name one day, and well, it just stuck." The company had once written in correspondence that they felt the Chick-O-Stick "resembled fried chicken" and that contributed to the name.
Cow Tales
In addition to its signature caramel candy, the company [Goetze's Candy Company] also makes a different style of its classic caramel candy, known as Cow Tales.
Cow Tales are similar to the Caramel Creams, but in the form of a long, thin cylinder of soft caramel with a cream center.
Cow Tales are also produced in Vanilla, Chocolate, Strawberry and Caramel Apple flavors. In addition, the company now also offers Mini Cow Tales a bite sized version of Vanilla Cow Tales, Goetze's number one selling 25 cent item.
Gobstoppers
Jaw Breakers
Gobstoppers, known as jawbreakers in Canada and the United States, are a type of hard confectionery. They are usually round, usually range from about 1 cm across to 3 cm across (though much bigger gobstoppers can sometimes be found in Canadian/US candy stores, some stores or stands in Europe and many theme parks, up to 8 cm in diameter) and are traditionally very hard.

The term gobstopper derives from 'gob', which is United Kingdom/Ireland slang for mouth.

Gobstoppers usually consist of a number of layers, each layer dissolving to reveal a different colored (and sometimes differently flavoured) layer, before dissolving completely.
Gobstoppers are sucked or licked, being too hard to bite without risking dental damage (hence the US title).

Gobstoppers have been sold in traditional sweet shops for at least a century, often sold by weight from jars.
As gobstoppers dissolve very slowly, they last a very long time in the mouth, which is a major factor in their enduring popularity with children. Larger ones can take days or even weeks to fully dissolve.
GooGoo Cluster
The GooGoo Cluster is an American candy bar sold since 1899 in Nashville, Tennessee. It was developed by Howell Campbell and the Standard Candy Company. The disk-shaped candy bar contains marshmallow, caramel and roasted peanuts covered in milk chocolate.
GooGoo Cluster is considered the first combination candy bar, meaning it contained several types of candy rather than an all-chocolate bar. The name is thought to refer to the sound a baby makes; another, somewhat questionable theory is that the candy was sold at the Grand Ole Opry (GOO), except that the Opry was established in 1925, 13 years after the candy's debut. However, Standard Candy (with particular emphasis on the GooGoo Cluster) was a long-time sponsor of the program.

During the Great Depression, Goo Goo Clusters were advertised as "a nourishing lunch for a nickel." This slogan was used until the 1950s.
Variations include GooGoo Supreme (pecans replace the peanuts) and Peanut Butter GooGoo (peanut butter replaces marshmallow).

GooGoo Clusters have appeared in the movies Nashville (film), The Nutty Professor and Charlie's War.

GooGoo Clusters have also appeared throughout the PC video game "Redneck Rampage" and "Viva Pinata".
Jelly Nougats

Jelly Nougats are creamy soft nougats with chewy jellies added to give them a fruity flavor.

Lemon Drops
A lemon drop is a sugary, lemon-flavored candy that is typically colored yellow and often shaped like a miniature lemon. They can be sweet or have a more sour flavor.

The term "lemon drop" is also occasionally applied to lemon-flavored throat lozenges, as well as an alcoholic drink consisting of lemon juice, vodka and sugar.

Life Savers
Life Savers is an American brand of ring-shaped mints and artificially fruit-flavored hard candy. The candy is known for its distinctive packaging, coming in aluminum foil rolls.

In 1912, candy manufacturer Clarence Crane of Cleveland, Ohio, invented Life Savers as a "summer candy" that could withstand heat better than chocolate. The candy's name is derived from its similarity to the shape of lifebuoys used for saving people who have fallen from boats. The name has also inspired an urban legend that Crane invented the candy to prevent children from choking, due to his own child having choked on a hard candy.

After registering the trademark, Crane sold the rights to the peppermint candy to Edward John Noble for $2,900. Instead of using cardboard rolls, which were not very successful, Noble created tin-foil wrappers to keep the mints fresh.
Pep-O-Mint was the first Life Savers flavor. Noble founded the Life Savers Candy Company in 1913 and significantly expanded the market for the candy by installing Life Savers displays next to the cash registers of restaurants and grocery stores.
He also trained the owners of the establishments to always give customers a nickel in their change as doing so would increase sales of Life Savers. Since then, many different flavors of Life Savers have been produced. The five-flavor roll first appeared in 1935.

Life Savers was a subsidiary of Kraft Foods before being purchased by the Wrigley Company in 2004. In recent years, the brand has expanded to include Gummi Savers (currently known as Life Savers Gummies) in 1992, Life Saver Minis in 1996, Creme Savers in 1998, and Life Saver Fusions in 2001.
Discontinued varieties include: Fruit Juicers, Holes, Life Saver Lollipops (still sold in carnival wheel games in Seaside Heights, New Jersey) and Squeezit.

Mallo Cup
Boyer Brothers, Inc., is a candy company located in Altoona, Pennsylvania.

Founded by brothers Bill and Bob Boyer in 1936, the company initially produced nut raisin clusters and homemade fudge. The brothers started their business selling door to door.

After those early forays into the candy business, Boyer became notable in the late 1930s for Mallo Cups, a cup-shaped candy consisting of a marshmallow center covered with chocolate.

The company was acquired by American Maize Products in 1969 and then by Consolidated Brands in 1984. The company still operates from its original plant located in Altoona, Pennsylvania.

Lately, the company expanded its line to include Smoothies, a peanut butter center covered with butterscotch. The company also produced other short-lived cup candies such as Fluffernutter, a mixture of marshmallow and peanut butter covered in chocolate.

Boyer products include "coins" printed on the cardboard package insert. The coins are collectible and redeemable for prizes from Boyer's catalog.

Mallomars
In the US, Mallomars are produced seasonally at Nabisco. A graham cracker circle is covered with a puff of extruded marshmallow, then enrobed in dark chocolate, which forms a hard shell.
Mallomars were introduced to the public in 1913, the same year as the Moon Pie (a confection which has similar ingredients).
The first box of Mallomars was sold in West Hoboken, NJ (now Union City, NJ). Nabisco discusses it with a short story printed on Mallomar boxes.

Mallomars are generally available from early October through to April. They are not distributed during the summer months, supposedly because they melt easily in summer temperatures, though this is as much for marketing reasons as for practical ones.
Devoted eaters of the cookie have been known to stock up during winter months and keep them refrigerated over the summer, although Nabisco markets other fudge-coated cookie brands year-round.
Seventy percent of all Mallomars are sold in metropolitan New York. The issue of Nabisco's choice to release Mallomars seasonally became a parodied topic on a sketch delivered by graphic artist Pierre Bernard on Late Night with Conan O'Brien.

According to the box, Mallomars are made in Canada by Kraft Foods. In Canada, these are known as "Dream Puffs."

MellowCreme Pumpkins
A candy pumpkin is a small, pumpkin-shaped, mellowcreme confection primarily made from corn syrup, honey, and sugar. Traditionally colored with an orange base and topped with a green stem to make candy pumpkins largely identifiable with Halloween, a candy pumpkin is considered a mellow creme by confectioners since the candy has virtually no oils or fats in it but has a marshmallow flavor.
Sometimes called candy corn's first cousin, candy pumpkins are made through a starch casting process similar to that for candy corn.
Brach's candy pumpkin, known by the trademarked name "Mellowcreme Pumpkin," is the most popular candy pumpkin. Brach's Confections is now owned by Farley's & Sathers Candy Company.

Candy pumpkins are made using the same process to make candy corn. The candy corn process and product were created by George Renninger of the Wunderlee Candy Co. in the 1880s and became popular as a treat in the 1920s.
Candy pumpkins first were produced in mid 20th century using a process similar to that of candy corn. Corn syrup, food coloring, honey, and sugar are beat and heated in large kettles to produce an ultra-sweet syrup.
This slurry generically is called "mellowcreme" by confectioners, since the resulting candy has a mellow, creamy texture.
The mellowcreme slurry then was divided into two uneven amounts, with the large amount receiving orange food coloring and the smaller receiving green food coloring.
A mogul machine brings the two colored mixtures together into a mold made of cornstarch, and the assembly is sent to a separate drying room to dry for 24 to 36 hours.Once dry, the candy is shaken violently to remove excess cornstarch and a final glaze is added to give the candy pumpkin a sheen. Candy pumpkins, acorns and other shapes that are derived from the mellowcreme slurry are often sold with candy corn under the name "harvest mix."

Candy pumpkins are popular in part because the mellowcreme gives them "an interesting texture."
The fact that candy pumpkins are fat free adds to their popularity.
As of 1988, most big confectionery companies, including Mars Inc., did not market special Halloween candies. The one exception was Brach's Confections, which made candy pumpkins among other seasonal products.
Their "Mellowcreme Pumpkin" was made to look like an autumnal vegetable; each pumpkin contained 25 calories and 5 grams sugar.
In 1992, Brach's Confections expected to sell more than 30 million pounds of mellowcreme candy during the fall season, which included its seasonal mellowcreme pumpkins.

By the late 1990s, competitors of Brach's realized that the market for the special Halloween candy pumpkin was expanding. For example, in 1997, candy pumpkins and other mellowcreme candies helped push annual spending on Halloween candy in the United States to an estimated $950 million a year.
In response, Mars, Inc. came out with Snickers Creme Pumpkin in 1998. The milk chocolate-covered peanut and caramel candy was packaged in a 1.20 oz. size with a plastic wrapper featuring a jack-o-lantern on the package.
At the time, the Snickers Creme Pumpkin retailed for 50 U.S. cents. Two years later, in 2000, Frankford Candy & Chocolate Company cross-licensed with ConAgra Foods to produce Peter Pan Peanut Butter Pumpkins.
Peter Pan Peanut Butter Pumpkins included a "rich and creamy" Peter Pan peanut butter center pressed into a detailed pumpkin mold. At that time, the Peter Pan pumpkin candy was sold in 14 oz. bags. Also in 2000, Zachary Confections expanded its product line to include candy pumpkins.

In addition to helping characterize Halloween, candy pumpkins played a role in the current U.S. implementation of daylight saving time. Since the 1960s, candy makers had wanted to get the trick-or-treat period covered by Daylight Saving, reasoning that if children have an extra hour of daylight, they would collect more candy.

MoonPie


A moon pie or MoonPie is a pastry which consists of two round graham cracker cookies, with marshmallow filling in the center, dipped in chocolate or other flavors.
The traditional pie is about three inches (76 mm) in diameter. A smaller version exists (mini MoonPie) that is about half the size, and a Double-Decker MoonPie of the traditional diameter features a third cookie and attendant layer of marshmallow.
The four main flavors are chocolate, vanilla, strawberry, and banana. Double Decker MoonPies also come in lemon and orange; MoonPie Crunch comes only in peanut butter or mint.

Mr. Goodbar

Mr. Goodbar is a chocolate-flavored candy bar containing peanuts, whose packaging can be easily identified by its distinctive yellow background and red text. It is manufactured by The Hershey Company and was introduced in 1925. Hershey initially did not want its name associated with a chocolate bar that contained nuts, so it was introduced as being produced by the Chocolate Sales Corporation. It is currently available both as an individual product and as one of the varieties of Hershey's Miniatures.

Looking for Mr. Goodbar was also the title of a 1975 novel by Judith Rossner, and an Oscar-nominated 1977 movie.
Now & Laters
Now and Later is a brand of fruit-flavored taffy-like product which is organized into squares packaged in colorful paper. The candy is sold in packages containing 3 plastic-wrapped packs of 6 Now and Laters each, with each plastic-wrapped pack containing a different flavor. It is also sold in smaller individual flavor packs, typically six in each for as little as 25 to 30 cents.

"Hard 'N Fruity Now and Soft 'N Chewy Later," the slogan found on each square's wrapping, replaces "Eat Some Now. Save Some for Later."
Oatmeal Creme Pie
Little Debbie products are primarily cookie and cake based dessert snacks. They come in dozens of varieties, including the top-selling Swiss Cake Rolls, Nutty Bars, Cosmic brownies and Oatmeal Creme Pies. Little Debbie products are available in most discount, grocery, and convenience stores, both in boxes and individual wrappings.

The Little Debbie brand is better known than McKee Foods, its parent company. In the 1960s, company founders O.D. and Ruth McKee decided to name a product after one of their grandchildren - four-year-old Debbie. The original image of Debbie used on packaging and advertising was based on a black-and-white photo. Atlanta artist Fred W. Hunt did the original color artwork based on a photo O.D. had in his pocket of Little Debbie with a pony. In discussing what he wanted for a logo he pulled out her small photo and said, "Something like this." Minor changes were made to the logo in 1987.

The Little Debbie brand sponsored the Wood Brothers #21 Ford Fusion for several years in the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series, and switched to the #47 JTG Daugherty Racing team in 2009 season. From sundown Friday to sundown Saturday, the Little Debbie logos are covered or removed, and the crew wears non-Little Debbie attire as a condition of sponsorship because McKee Foods was founded and is run by owners who are Seventh Day Adventists.
Pecan Roll

Red Hots

Red Hots are small cinnamon-flavored candy created and trademarked by the Ferrara Pan Candy Company in the 1930s. They are used in some apple sauce recipes and as confectionery decorations.

Rock Candy

Rock candy (also called rock sugar) is a type of confectionery mineral composed of relatively large sugar crystals. This candy is formed by allowing a supersaturated solution of sugar and water to crystallize onto a surface suitable for crystal nucleation, such as a string or stick. Heating the water before adding the sugar allows more sugar to dissolve thus produces larger crystals. Crystals form after 6–7 days. Food coloring may be added to the mixture to produce colored candy.
Sno-Caps

Sno-Caps is a brand of candy consisting of small pieces of semi-sweet chocolate candy covered with white nonpareils. The candy was introduced in the late 1920s by the Blumenthal Chocolate Company; Nestlé acquired the brand in 1984. They are normally sold in boxes as movie theatre candy.

Snow (Maple) Candy
Maple taffy (sometimes maple toffee in English-speaking Canada, tire d'érable in French-speaking Canada; also sugar on snow in the United States) is a confection made by boiling maple sap past the point where it would form maple syrup but not so long that it becomes maple butter or maple sugar.

Sour Patch Kids
Sour Patch Kids are a soft candy with a coating of sour sugar created by Paul Mihalick. When sour confectionery was first introduced it was not considered a serious product category, more of a children's fad. Success, however, rocketed it into the mainstream. One of the driving forces behind the brand's growth was its success in cinemas, and even now it is a staple for moviegoers. Today Sour Patch Kids is a top selling sour brand in the North American marketplace. There are many different flavors, including regular, Watermelon, Fruits, Cherry, Peach, Blue Raspberry, Xploders, and Extreme. The Sour Patch Christmas Kids, which are only sold around Christmas time, have been discontinued.
Spice Cookies


Moravian spice cookies are a traditional kind of cookie that originated in the Colonial American communities of the Moravian Church. The blend of spices and molasses, rolled paper thin, has a reputation as the "World's Thinnest Cookie." They are related to German Lebkuchen; original recipes can be traced back to the 18th century.

The cookie is especially popular around, and usually associated with, Christmas in communities with a strong Moravian background such as Winston-Salem, North Carolina and Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, which still maintain the two largest Moravian communities in the United States. Although there are a few bakeries that still roll and cut the cookies by hand, some now use a mechanized process for making the cookies in order to meet the demand. While this does not affect the taste, the machine-made cookies have been criticized for not being as thin as their handmade counterparts.

While the spice recipe is the most traditional and well-known of the Moravian cookies, other versions have appeared over the years, including sugar, lemon, black walnut, and chocolate varieties.

Squirrel Nut Zippers
A Squirrel Nut Caramel is a type of chewy caramel candy with pieces of peanuts mixed in. There are two variations: one has chocolate and one is caramel based.

Chocolate Squirrel caramels were the original flavor of Squirrel Brands caramels. The current ingredients are as follows: Corn Syrup, Sugar, Peanuts, Condensed Milk, Chocolate, Partially hydrogenated Soybean and/or Cottonseed oil, Natural & Artificial Flavor, Salt, and Soy lecithin.

Squirrel Nut Zippers, the vanilla nut caramel variety, was developed in the mid 1920s in order to complement the chocolate variety. Squirrel Nut Caramels were originally made by the Squirrel Brand Company, located in the Area 4 neighborhood of Cambridge, Massachusetts, but they are now part of Necco. A public park named Squirrel Brand Park is now located at the former site of their factory.

Sugar Daddy

Sugar Daddy is a candy bar on a stick manufactured by Tootsie Roll Industries. A bite-sized candy based on the Sugar Daddy is marketed under the name Sugar Babies.

Sugar Daddy was invented in 1925 by a chocolate salesman named Robert Welch at the James O. Welch Company. Sugar Daddy was originally called the Papa Sucker. The name was changed to Sugar Daddy in 1932. Sugar Babies were introduced three years later, in 1935.


The James O. Welch Company was purchased by the National Biscuit Company (Nabisco, now Kraft Foods) in 1963. The Welch brands were sold to Warner-Lambert in 1988; Tootsie Roll Industries acquired them in 1993. The Tootsie Roll Industries now makes Sugar Daddy candies.


Today, Sugar Daddy candies are produced in two sizes, the Junior Pop, with 53 calories, and the Large Pop, with 200 calories.
SweeTarts


SweeTarts are sweet and sour candies invented by J. Fish Smith, the owner of Sunline. The tablets were created using the same basic recipe as the already popular Pixy Stix and Lik-M-Aid products, in response to parents' requests for a less-messy candy. In 1963, SweeTarts were introduced with the same flavors as the popular Pixy Stix: cherry, grape, lemon, lime, and orange.

The current flavors in the SweeTarts roll are: blue raspberry (blue), cherry (pink), grape (purple), orange (orange) and green apple (green). In 2001, Nestlé replaced the original lime with green apple. In 2009, Nestlé stopped making lemon (yellow). Also, the flavors are more tart now than in the past.

Retired flavors include lime (the former flavor for green) and lemon (yellow).

Swiss Cake Rolls


Little Debbie products are primarily cookie and cake based dessert snacks. They come in dozens of varieties, including the top-selling Swiss Cake Rolls, Nutty Bars, Cosmic brownies and Oatmeal Creme Pies.

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